Abstract 1606: High Specificity of Prolonged Isovolumic Contraction Time for Reverse Remodeling Associated with Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
Background: Isovolumic contraction time (ICT) and pre-ejection period (PEP) are altered by electrical conduction delay as well as impaired contractility. An abnormal PEP has been used to select patients for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), however, the predictive value of PEP for reverse remodeling (RR) has not been reported. The purpose of this study is to determine the predictive value of ICT and PEP for the RR in a prospective, single center CRT registry.
Methods: Prospective registry of all heart failure patients undergoing CRT with echo pre-implant and at 3 and 6 months after implant. PEP was measured from the ECG Q wave onset to the aortic valve opening from the left ventricular outflow tract pulsed-wave Doppler tracing. The timing interval from the QRS onset to mitral valve closure was measured (mitral valve closure time). ICT was calculated as PEP-mitral valve closure time. RR was defined as >15% reduction in end-systolic volume (ESV) measured by biplane Simpson’s method. Death due to cardiac cause and heart transplantation during the 6 month period were considered as a non-response in the receiver-operating characteristics (ROC)analysis.
Results: Echocardiography data was available in 83 patients at 3 and 59 patients at 6 month after CRT. RR occurred in 42 patients (51%) at 3 months and in 32 (54%) patients at 6 months By ROC analysis, the area under the curve (AUC) for predicting RR was 0.74 for ICT (p<0.001) and 0.73 for PEP (p=0.001) (See table⇓). ICT>123 ms yielded a very high specificity of 90–93% to predict responders at 6 month after CRT either in entire population or after excluding the patients with atrial fibrillation.
Conclusion: A prolonged ICT is highly specific for predicting reverse remodeling after CRT although it is found in a limited number of patients. A strategy employing a screening ICT measurement may identify patients highly likely to achieve reverse remodeling after CRT, but can not be used to exclude patients for CRT.