Abstract 1602: Strain-derived and Tissue velocity-derived Dyssynchrony Indexes for Prediction of Reverse Remodeling with Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
Background: Dyssynchrony indexes derived from time to peak systolic velocity and time to peak strain have been reported to predict left ventricular reverse remodeling (RR) after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The predictive characteristics of these indices have not been validated in a variety of clinical settings. Our objective was to determine the predictive value of strain and tissue velocity derived dyssynchrony indices for RR or clinical response to CRT in a prospective single-center CRT registry.
Methods: Prospective registry of all heart failure patients (pts) undergoing CRT with echo before and 3 and 6 months after CRT. Color -coded tissue Doppler imaging in 12 segments was used to calculate the standard deviation of time to peak strain (Tϵ-SD) and time to peak systolic velocity (Tv-SD). RR was defined as a decrease in end systolic volume (ESV; biplane Simpson’s method) ≥15%. Indices were assessed with receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis and the area under the curve (AUC) calculated in all pts and excluding those with atrial fibrillation at implant.
Results: To date, of the first 87 patients, 4 died (classified as non-responder); 83 pts had 3 and 59 pts had 6 month echocardiography follow-up. Tϵ-SD (93%) and Tv-SD (98%) were feasible in most pts. RR occurred in 42 pts (51%) at 3 month and 32 patients (54%) at 6 month follow-up. See table⇓. Tϵ-SD was superior to Tv-SD for prediction of RR in all pts and in those without atrial fibrillation. Findings were similar regardless of ischemic (68% of patients) or non-ischemic etiology. Neither baseline Tϵ-SD nor Tv-SD correlated with the improvement in clinical response measured by the change in six minute walk distance or peak VO2 at 3 or 6 month after CRT (data not shown).
Conclusions: In this single center experience, mechanical dyssynchrony measured by strain imaging but not tissue velocity imaging was predictive of RR. Neither index predicted clinical response.