Abstract 1528: Gender Differences In The Effect Of Traditional Cardiac Risk Factors On Age At Presentation With Stemi
For coronary artery disease (CAD), female gender is ’protective’, so that women typically present with clinically apparent CAD a decade later than men. We examined the extent to which traditional cardiovascular risk factor influence the age at presentation with STEMI in men and women. The Cardiovascular Patient Outcomes Research Team (C-PORT) primary PCI registry includes 7197 patients (5070 males and 2109 females) who presented with STEMI at 33 participating hospitals. The table⇓ below depicts the average age at presentation with STEMI in males and females with and without diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, a family history of coronary artery disease and smoking history (current or former). The effect of smoking, family history and hypertension on age at presentation remained significant in multivariate analysis in both men and women. In both males and females, a family history of CAD and a positive smoking history are associated with presentation with STEMI at a younger age. Both have a greater effect in females. This is particularly true of smoking with lowers the age of presentation by 9 years in women, compared with 3.8 years in men. Male and female patients with a history of hypertension are older at presentation with STEMI, perhaps because the anti-ischemic effects of anti-hypertensive medications. We conclude that while the effect of most traditional risk factors for CAD on age at presentation with STEMI are similar in men and women, smoking lowers the age at presentation to a much greater degree in women. In women who do not smoke, STEMI is delayed for a decade or more compared to men; for women who do, the protective effect of female gender is nearly obliterated.