Abstract 1391: Atherogenic Dyslipidemia Predicts Accelerated Progression of Atherosclerosis in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease
Background: Atherogenic dyslipidemia (AD) is characterized by the combination of elevated serum triglycerides, low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and small-dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and has emerged as a powerful risk factor of coronary disease. The effect of AD on the progression of plaque burden remains incompletely defined. This analysis aimed to determine the impact of AD on measures of atherosclerotic progression in patients receiving intensive lipid lowering therapy.
Methods: 910 patients with angiographic coronary artery disease treated with atorvastatin to a goal LDL-C of 100 ± 15mg/dl received torcetrapib or placebo. Atheroma burden was determined by intravascular ultrasound performed at baseline and following 24 months of treatment. Baseline and changes in atheroma burden were investigated in patients stratified according to the presence or absence of an AD phenotype (HDL-C < 45 mg/dL for men and < 50mg/dL for women, triglycerides 150 – 600mg/dL and LDL-C < 160mg/dL)
Results: 20.4% of patients met the criteria for AD. Patients with AD were younger (55.5 v 58 years, p=0.003), had higher body mass index (30.9 v 29.3 kg/m2, p<0.001) and were more likely to fit the definition of the metabolic syndrome (93 v 30.3%, p<0.001). Accelerated progression of percent atheroma volume (PAV, +0.76 v +0.01%, p=0.001) and total atheroma volume (TAV, −4.75 v −7.18 mm3, p=0.022) was observed in patients with AD. Patients with AD were less likely to undergo substantial regression (reduction in PAV >5%, 12.9% v 24.2%, p=0.001) and more likely to undergo substantial progression (increase in PAV >5%, 34.9% v 23.2%, p=0.001) No differences were observed between treatment groups with regard to changes in PAV (0.59 v 0.99%, p=0.727) or TAV (−5.7 v −3.8 mm3, p=0.461) in patients with AD. On multivariate analysis, the presence of atherogenic dyslipidemia was an independent predictor of increase in PAV (p=0.004) and TAV (p=0.045).
Conclusions: Despite aggressive lipid lowering therapy, AD is an independent predictor of accelerated progression of atherosclerosis. With a rise in the prevalence of obesity and its metabolic complications there is an increasing need to intensively modify factors that place these patients at high risk.