Abstract 1271: IKKβ/NF-κB Pathway Protects Hearts from Hemodynamic Stress Mediated through Regulating MnSOD Expression
Objectives: We have previously reported that NF-κB contributes to GPCR agonist-induced hypertrophy in cultured cardiomyocytes. However, the in vivo role of this pathway in the pathogenesis of cardiac remodeling remains to be elucidated. Although IκB kinase β (IKKβ)/NF-κB pathway is a major negative regulator of cell death, it can sensitize cells to death-inducing stimuli in some instances, thus it can be either anti- or pro-apoptotic. In this study, we aimed to clarify the role of IKKβ/NF-κB signaling in cardiac remodeling using cardiac-specific IKKβ deficient mice.
Methods and Results: We crossed mice bearing an IKKβflox allele with mice expressing the Cre recombinase under the control of the myosin light chain 2v promoter (MLC2v-Cre+/−) to generate IKKβflox/flox;MLC2v-Cre+/− mice (conditional knockout:CKO). Then, CKO mice (n=14) and control littermates bearing IKKβflox/flox (CTRL, n=14) were subjected to pressure overload by means of transverse aortic constriction (TAC). EMSA analysis revealed NF-κB DNA binding activity after TAC had attenuated in CKO hearts. One week after TAC, echocardiography showed significantly lower left ventricular fractional shortening (26.9±2.7% vs. 41.4±0.9%, p<0.01), and higher left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (4.02±0.14 mm vs. 3.47±0.08 mm, p<0.01) and lung weight/body weight ratio (11.1±1.4 vs. 5.5±0.1, p<0.01) in CKO mice compared with CTRL mice, indicating the development of heart failure in CKO mice. Number of apoptotic cells had increased in CKO hearts after TAC, suggesting that the enhanced apoptosis is a cause for heart failure. The expression levels of MnSOD mRNA and protein after TAC, which is one of NF-κB target genes, were significantly lower in CKO than those in CTRL mice. As a consequence, oxidative stress and JNK activation in CKO hearts after TAC had significantly increased compared with those in CTRL heart, suggesting that increased oxidative stress and enhanced JNK activity resulted in cardiomyocyte apoptosis in CKO hearts.
Conclusion: These results show that IKKβ/NF-κB pathway in cardiomyocyte plays a protective role mediated through attenuation of oxidative stress and JNK activation in response to pressure overload.