Abstract 1111: Embryoinc Stem Cell Derived Cardiovascular Progenitor Cells Improve Function More Than Hemangioblasts in a Mouse Model of Myocardial Infarction
BACKGROUND: Intramyocardial transplantation of stem cells improves left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) in animal studies and preliminary clinical trials. The mechanism may involve either replacement of myocytes or improved vascular supply to existing myocytes. We recently identified an Embyronic Stem cell derived cardiovascular progenitor cell (ES-CPC) that is the common precursor of cardiomyocyte and vascular cell lineages. To determine whether myocyte transplantation improves myocardial function more than angiogenesis alone does, we compared the effect of ES-CPCs to hemangioblasts (vascular/hematopoetic progenitor cells) on EF in a mouse model of myocardial infarction.
METHODS: ES-CPC and hemangioblasts were isolated from a doxycycline-responsive, Notch-inducible ES cell line containing Notch 4 cDNA under the control of a tetracycline-inducible promoter. Notch induction of mesoderm-derived ES cells resulted in a CPC phenotype, whereas non-induced cells developed into hemangioblasts. Mice underwent transplantation of 500,000 ES-CPC (n=20), hemangioblasts (n=16), or an equal volume of serum-free media (n=12) 30 minutes after surgically-induced myocardial infarction. All cell lines constitutively expressed green fluorescent protein (GFP). EF was assessed two weeks post-transplantation using 9.4 Tesla MRI. Mice were then euthanized and frozen heart sections were examined using fluorescent microscopy.
RESULTS: The mean EF was 59Â ± 15, 46Â ± 17, and 39Â ± 13% in the ES-CPC, hemangioblast, and control groups, respectively (p<0.05 for the differences among all 3 groups; ANOVA). GFP + cells were detected in frozen sections of both the ES-CPC and hemangioblast groups. GFP + cells in ES-CPC treated hearts expressed markers associated with both cardiomyocyte and vascular phenotypes, whereas the GFP + cells in the hemangioblast group expressed markers associated with vascular phenotypes.
CONCLUSIONS: Both hemangioblast and ES-CPC transplantation improves EF in a mouse model of myocardial infarction, but ES-CPC transplantation was more effective. This suggests that enhancement of myocardial function by transplantation of both cardiomyocyte and vascular phenotypes exceeds that with vascular phenotypes alone.