Abstract 971: Inhibition Of Vascular Bk Channel Activity By Caveolae-mediated Angiotensin II Type I Receptor Signaling In Diabetic Vessels
Angiotensin II (Ang II) type I receptor (ATR1) trafficking into caveolae is essential for Ang II signaling, which is known to be abnormal in diabetic vessels. We have shown that the large conductance Ca2+ actviated K+ (BK) channels are also targeted to caveolae in vascular cells. The potential interaction between Ang II signaling and BK channel function in normal and diabetic vessels is unknown. Using whole-cell patch clamp recordings and molecular biology techniques, we examined the mechanisms through which caveolae targeting facilitates the regulation of BK channels by Ang II signaling. We found that in cultured human coronary arterial smooth muscle cells (CASMC) and in freshly isolated rat CASMC, BK channels, ATR1, and Src-family protein tyrosine kinases (Src-PTK) were colocalized and enriched in the low buoyant density, caveolae-rich fractions. 2 μM Ang II inhibited BK channel activity by ∼50% in rat and human CASMC and these effects were completely abolished by 2 μM Losartan (a selective ATR1 inhibitor), 10 μM PP2 (a selective Src-PTK inhibitor), and by caveolin-1 (cav-1) knockdown using 60 nM siRNA. Similar results were obtained in HEK293 cells coexpressing hSlo, BK-β1 subunit, ATR1, cav-1, and Src-PTK, indicating that inhibition of BK channels by Ang II was mediated through ATR1 activation of Src-PTK and the integrity of caveolae is critical for Ang II signaling. Culturing human CASMC with high glucose (HG, 22 mM) enhanced Ang II-mediated BK channel inhibition (78.8±16.8% vs. 54.5±15.7% in 5 mM glucose, n=3, p<0.05). Analysis of ATR1, Src-PTK, and BK channel distribution by sucrose gradient fractionation and by co-immunoprecipitation with anti-cav-1 antibodies showed that expression of ATR1 and Src-PTK were up-regulated in human CASMC cultured in HG and in CASMC from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Total BK channel protein in these cells was diminished, but the amount of BK channels co-immunoprecipitated with anti-cav-1 antibody was increased, suggesting increased caveolae targeting of BK channels in diabetes, which leads to enhanced Ang II-mediated BK channel inhibition. These results indicate that Ang II-BK channel interaction is critically dependent upon caveolae targeting under normal conditions and in disease states such as diabetes.