Abstract 967: Parathyroidectomy Reduces Cardiovascular Events And All-cause Mortality In Renal Hyperparathyroidism
Background: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and its associated abnormalities in mineral metabolism increase the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and death in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The effect of parathyroidectomy (PTX) on the incidence of major cardiovascular events in CKD patients with SHPT is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that PTX reduces the incidence of cardiovascular complications and death in CKD patients with severe SHPT scheduled for PTX, comparing the outcome of patients treated or not treated by surgery.
Methods: The study comprised 118 CKD patients with SHPT on maintenance hemodialysis, unresponsive to medical treatment, and scheduled for PTX. Patients underwent comprehensive cardiovascular evaluations at baseline. They were followed up until death, occurrence of major cardiovascular events, or kidney transplantation.
Results: No deaths related to surgery occurred. After a median follow-up of 30 months, 50 patients (42.4%) had undergone PTX while 68 (57.9%) had not. The groups were comparable in terms of age, sex, race, parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, phosphate, calcium x phosphate product, and all major cardiovascular variables, except diastolic blood pressure. PTX was associated with a reduced incidence of major cardiovascular events (log-rank= 0.02) and overall mortality (log-rank= 0.001). Cox proportional multivariate analysis showed that variables significantly and independently associated with events were PTX (RR=2.36, CI 1.11–6.32, p=0.02) and age (RR=1.07, IC 1.02–1.14, p=0.009). All-cause mortality was related to PTX (RR=2.34, CI 1.25–5.14, p=0.007) and hematocrit (RR=1.15, CI 1.03–1.29, p=0.01).
Conclusion: PTX confers protection against future major cardiovascular events and death in select CKD patients with severe refractory SHPT.