Abstract 927: The Role Of Peroxiredoxins As Mechanosensitive Antioxidants In Endothelial Cells
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease occurring primarily in curved or branching regions of the arterial tree where disturbed flow patterns, such as oscillation, exist. We have previously shown that oscillatory shear stress (OS) increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in endothelial cells, while laminar shear stress (LS) reduces ROS compared to static controls. OS stimulation of ROS has been shown to occur in an NADPH oxidase-dependent manner. However, the mechanism by which LS removes ROS remains unclear. Peroxiredoxins (PRX) are a family of antioxidant proteins that have been linked to the prevention of oxidative stress and inflammation, but their role in atherosclerosis is unknown. Here, we hypothesize that shear stress regulates ROS levels in endothelial cells by controlling antioxidant peroxiredoxins. To test this hypothesis, bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) were subjected to static, laminar, and oscillatory fluid flow conditions via cone-and-plate viscometer. Western blot analysis and immunofluorescent staining were used to evaluate the expression and subcellular localization of six known mammalian peroxiredoxins (PRX I-VI). Immunoblots indicated that BAEC express all six isoforms of peroxiredoxin proteins and that LS upregulated PRX I levels significantly compared to static controls and OS. Immunofluorescence also showed a distinct subcellular localization of each PRX: PRX I, II, IV, V and VI in the cytoplasm, PRX I, IV and V in the Golgi, PRX III in the mitochondria, and PRX I in the nucleus. These results indicate that peroxiredoxins are mechanosensitive antioxidants, removing ROS in a subcellular-specific manner. Based on these data, we suggest that peroxiredoxin antioxidants are likely involved in the molecular mechanisms that control shear stress-dependent atherosclerotic plaque development.