Abstract 923: Dissociation Between Superoxide Accumulation And Nitroglycerin Induced Tolerance
We hypothesize that superoxide (SO) accumulation is not a critical causative factor in inducing nitroglycerin (NTG) tolerance. Using p47phox−/− and gp91−/− mice vs. their respective wild-type (WT) controls, we showed that aorta from mice null of these critical NADPH oxidase subunits exhibited similar vascular tolerance after NTG dosing (20 mg/kg sc, tid for 3 days), as indicated by their ex vivo pEC50 and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP, pmol/mg protein) accumulation upon NTG challenge. In vitro aorta SO production (cpm/mg dry weight) was enhanced by NTG incubation both in p47phox null and WT mice (Table 1⇓). Pre-exposure of isolated mice aorta to 100 microM NTG for 1 hr resulted in vascular tolerance toward NTG and increased SO accumulation. Oxypurinol (Oxy, 1mM) reduced SO but failed to attenuate vascular tolerance (Table 2⇓). In LLC-PK1 cells, pre-exposure to NTG (1 microM for 4 hours) resulted in increased SO accumulation and reduced cGMP response to 3.16 microM NTG vs. vehicle control. Exposure to 1 microM angiotensin II increased SO but did not reduce cGMP response. Taken together, these results indicate that in vivo vascular NTG tolerance in mice does not require the presence of the p47phox and gp91phox subunits of NADPH oxidase, and that increased SO accumulation may be a consequence, rather than a cause, of NTG tolerance.