Abstract 867: The Longevity Factor Sirt1 Exacerbates LV Dysfunction and Energy Depletion in Response to Pressure Overload
Sirt1, a class III histone deacetylase, extends the lifespan of many organisms. Longevity mechanisms usually confer stress resistance to organisms, and accumulation of stress resistance leads to lifespan extension. We have shown previously that Sirt1 is upregulated by stress up to 10 fold in the heart, and heart specific overexpression (up to 7.5 fold) of Sirt1 in mice not only suppresses histological/biochemical markers of aging, but also induces resistance to oxidative stress in the heart. We examined whether Sirt1 is protective against another pathologically relevant stimulus, namely pressure overload. Cardiac specific Sirt1 transgenic mice (Tg-Sirt1) from line #40, the line which has been shown to be protected against aging and oxidative stress, were subjected to transverse aortic constriction (TAC). Unexpectedly, at 10 days, the left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) in Tg-Sirt1 was significantly reduced (46 vs 71%, p<0.01), the LV end diastolic dimension was significantly increased (4.1 vs 3.4 mm, p<0.05), and the pressure gradient was reduced (92 vs 57 mmHg, p<0.05), possibly due to reduced LV contractility, in Tg-Sirt1 compared with non-transgenic (NTg) controls. At 4 weeks, LV weight/body weight (BW) (6.4 vs 4.7, p<0.05) and lung weight/BW (18.8 vs 7.0, p<0.05) were significantly increased in Tg-Sirt1, LV +dP/dt was significantly reduced (4617 vs 7513, p<0.05), and the LV end diastolic pressure was significantly elevated (13.6 vs 1.4 mmHg, p<0.05) in Tg-Sirt1 compared with NTg. These results suggest that Tg-Sirt1 mice develop more severe LV dysfunction than NTg in response to TAC. Tg-Sirt1 mice exhibited significantly less apoptosis (−50%, p<0.05) than NTg however, despite the development of LV dysfunction, suggesting that the LV dysfunction may be caused by apoptosis-independent mechanisms. The myocardial ATP content in Tg-Sirt1 was significantly less (−41%, p<0.05) than that in NTg after TAC. These results suggest that the cardioprotective effect of Sirt1 depends on the type of stress: although modest expression of Sirt1 confers resistance to aging and oxidative stress, it exacerbates heart failure in response to TAC through apoptosis-independent mechanisms possibly involving energy depletion.