Abstract 866: Secreted Frizzled Related Protein 2 Modulates Post Myocardial Infarct Remodeling by Inhibiting Collagen Maturation through the Inhibition of Bone Morphogenetic Protein 1 Activity
Myocardial infarction and post-infarction remodeling with heart failure are the major cause of mortality and morbidity in the United States. We recently reported that intracardiac implantation of genetically engineered mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) overexpressing the Akt gene dramatically reduced the infarct size and restored cardiac functions in rodent hearts after coronary artery ligation. Further, we identified Secreted Frizzled Related Protein 2 (sfrp2) as a key factor released by Akt-MSC mediating myocardial survival and repair. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Bone Morphogenetic Protein1 (BMP1)/Tolloid (TLD)-like metalloproteinases belong to a subgroup of astacin family and play key roles in the regulation of extracelluar matrix (ECM) formation and cardiac fibrosis. These proteases have procollagen C-proteinase (PCP) activities which are responsible for the cleavage of C-propeptides from procollagen precursors to produce mature collagen fibrils. In this report, we showed that three days following myocardial infarction in rats, both BMP1 protein expression and activity were upregulated in the infarcted left ventricle. Interestingly, we found recombinant sfrp2 could inhibit BMP1 activity in MI tissue samples as measured by an in vitro PCP activity assay. Furthermore, using purified recombinant proteins, we demonstrated that sfrp2, but not sfrp1 or sfrp3, inhibited BMP-1 activity in vitro. Moreover, purified sfrp2 could physically interact with BMP1 protein as shown by the co-immunoprecipitation assay. To provide further evidence that sfrp2 can interfere with collagen processing, we demonstrated that exogenously added sfrp2 interfered with procollagen processing in primary cultures of cardiac fibroblast culture medium. Similar results were obtained when these cells were transiently transfected with sfrp2 expressing plasmids. In summary, our data suggest that one of the molecular mechanisms underlying the cardioprotective and repair effects of sfrp2 protein on myocardial infarction is through the inhibition of BMP-1 activity. Therefore, sfrp2 has the potential clinical application as a novel anti-fibrotic reagent for the modulation of cardiac remodeling after acute myocardial infarction.