Abstract 782: Fra2 Mediates Oxygen-induced TGFbeta-1 mRNA Expression In Adult Cardiac Fibroblasts: Significance In Myocardial Fibrosis Following Ischemia-reperfusion Injury
Background. Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGFbeta-1) is a key cytokine implicated in the development of cardiac fibrosis following ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. The profibrotic effects of TGFbeta-1 are primarily attributable to the differentiation of cardiac fibroblasts (CF) to myofibroblasts. Previously, we have reported perceived hyperoxia (Circ Res 92:264 –71), sub-lethal reoxygenation shock during IR, induces differentiation of CF to myofibroblasts at the infarct site. The mechanisms underlying oxygen-sensitive induction of TGFbeta-1 mRNA remain to be characterized.
Hypothesis. Fra2 mediates oxygen-induced TGFbeta-1 mRNA expression in adult cardiac fibroblasts.
Methods. TGFbeta-1 mRNA expression in infarct tissue was investigated in an IR injury model. The left anterior descending coronary artery of mice was transiently occluded for 60 minutes followed by reperfusion to induce IR injury. Spatially resolved infarct and non-infarct tissues were collected at 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7 days post-IR using laser capture microdissection. TGFbeta-1 mRNA levels were measured using real-time PCR. To investigate the role of oxygen in the regulation of TGFbeta-1, we used our previously reported model of perceived hyperoxia where CF (from 5wks old mice) after isolation were cultured at 5%O2 (physiological pO2) followed by transferring them to 20%O2 to induce hyperoxic insult.
Results & Conclusions. In vivo, a significant increase (p<0.01; n=5) in TGFbeta-1 mRNA was observed at the infarct site already at day 1 post-IR. The levels continued to increase until day 7 post-IR. In vitro, exposure of CF to 20%O2 hyperoxic insult induced TGFbeta-1 mRNA (p<0.001; n=4) and protein (p<0.01; n=4) expression. Using a TGFbeta-1 promoter-luciferase reporter and DNA binding assays, we collected first evidence that AP-1 and its component Fra2 as major mediators of oxygen-induced TGFbeta-1 expression. Exposure to 20%O2 resulted in increased localization of Fra2 in nucleus. siRNA-dependent Fra-2 knock-down completely abrogated oxygen-induced TGFbeta1 expression. In conclusion, this study presents first evidence that Fra-2 is involved in inducible TGFbeta1 expression in CF. Fra2 was noted as being central in regulating oxygen-induced TGFbeta-1 expression.s