Abstract 724: Synectin is Required for Normal PDGF Secretion and Smooth Muscle Cell Basic Science Recruitment
Background: Synectin, a ubiquitously expressed scaffold and PDZ protein, has been shown to be a key regulator in the formation of arterial vasculature. Primary arterial endothelial cells isolated from synectin−/− mice exhibited defects in PDGF signaling that were not present in arterial synectin+/+ or either venous synectin+/+ or synectin−/− endothelial cells.
Methods: To address the role of synectin in mural cell recruitment, retinas from synectin−/− (KO) and synectin+/+ (WT) mice were stained for isolectin and alpha-smooth muscle actin. To determine the mechanisms responsible for defective smooth muscle cells recruitment, primary arterial and venous endothelial (EC) and smooth muscle (SMC) cells were isolated from synectin+/+ and synectin−/− mice.
Results: Examination of the retinal vasculature in synectin−/− mice demonstrated poor smooth muscle cell coverage of the forming arterial tree with a number of SMC cells sitting some distance away from the vessels, a defect reminiscent of retinal abnormalities observed in PDGF-B−/− mice. Western blot analysis of lysates from primary KO SMC demonstrated levels of PDGFR-β analogous to WT, although expression of PDGF-B was markedly reduced in lysates from arterial, but not venous, primary KO endothelial cells. Transduction of KO EC with an adenoviral synectin construct was sufficient to restore PDGF-B protein levels. Further, qPCR was used to determine whether defects in PDGF-B protein production were at the transcription or translation level. Interestingly, there was only a minor decrease in the amount of PDGF-B mRNA in KO compared to WT EC, suggesting that synectin deficiency has selectively affected post-transcriptional regulation of PDGF-B expression. Migration of WT and KO SMC in response to PDGF-B or conditioned media from WT and KO endothelial cells was also assessed to determine the cell type specificity of PDGF defects in KO mice.
Conclusions: Synectin is required for post-transcriptional regulation of PDGF-B in endothelial cells. Deficits in PDGF-B secretion by synectin−/− endothelial cells result in inadequate smooth muscle recruitment and coverage of arterial vessels.