Abstract 670: Immediate And Sustained Blood Pressure Lowering by CRF-receptor Stimulation: A Novel Approach To Antihypertensive Therapy?
Background: Recently, novel corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)-related peptides, named urocortin I (UcnI), UcnII, and UcnIII were described. Available data suggest that the Ucns are part of a peripheral CRF system modulating cardiovascular function and mediating cardiovascular responses to stress. Blood pressure (BP) lowering effects have been described after administration of UcnI. However, no data are available on effects of UcnII on BP in an animal model of systemic arterial hypertension.
Methods: Experiments were performed in Dahl salt-sensitive (DSS) and salt-resistant rats (DSR, control). Animals were fed a diet containing 4% NaCl (high salt) to induce arterial hypertension in DSS rats. At the end of week 2 of high salt diet, both DSS and DSR rats were randomly assigned to i.p. injections of either UcnII (2.5 μg/kg body weight) or vehicle b.i.d. for five weeks. Animals underwent repetitive tail cuff BP measurements at baseline (prior to first injection), at 5 and 15 minutes after the first injection and at week 1, 2, and 5 of b.i.d. treatment. At week 5 animals were sacrificed to determine heart weight /body weight ratio.
Results: Systolic BP (SBP, mmHg) and heart rate (HR, min−1) are given in the following table⇓ as mean ± SD (n=10 per group).
Conclusions: In hypertensive DSS rats, acute CRF-receptor stimulation by UcnII immediately lowered BP to the range observed in DSR rats. Compared to vehicle-treated DSS rats, sustained BP reduction was observed with further chronic administration of UcnII. No severe reflex tachycardia was observed after administration of UcnII. Thus, CRF-receptor stimulation might represent a novel approach to the treatment of arterial hypertension.