Abstract 658: Suppressed Hypoxic Pulmonary Vasoconstriction in Malonyl-CoA-Decarboxylase Knock-Out Mice
Background: Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) is intrinsic to the pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC). A recently proposed mechanism for HPV suggests that hypoxia is sensed within the mitochondria, altering the production of activated oxygen species (AOS) in response to changes in PO2. Decreased AOS (like H2O2) inhibit Kv channels, depolarize PASMC, increase influx of Ca++, causing PASMC contraction. Malonyl-CoA-Decarboxylase (MCD) is a metabolic enzyme, that when inhibited suppresses the mitochondrial-based fatty acid oxidation, promoting glucose oxidation. We have shown that knockout mice lacking MCD (KO-MCD) are resistant to chronic-hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (CH-PHT) but they have a normal phenotype in normoxia. We hypothesized that KO-MCD mice have suppressed HPV.
Methods and Results: We compared KO-MCD to wild mice (W-MCD) using PASMC patch clamping, intracellular Ca++(fura-2), mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm, using TMRM and confocal microscopy), mitochondrial AOS production (mitosox and confocal microscopy) and isolated intact resistance PA rings; we also studied exercise tolerance (distance covered in a treadmill) during normoxia and acute hypoxia (n =7–10 mice/group for all studies). As expected, in W-MCD mice acute hypoxia inhibited K+current (Ik), increased intracellular Ca++and mitochondrial ΔΨm, decreased mitochondrial AOS production, increased PA tone and decreased exercise tolerance (due to the rapid increase in PA pressure and decrease in cardiac output). In contrast, KO-MCD showed an impressive lack of response to acute hypoxia in all the parameters studied (table⇓).
Conclusions: Our data show that acute hypoxia is not sensed in W-MCD mice and might offer at least a partial explanation for the resistance to CH-PHT in these mice. They also offer a novel insight into the metabolic basis of pulmonary vascular reactivity and HPV.