Abstract 22: Resuscitation Guidelines 2005 Improve CPR Effectiveness Parameters
Background: Due to major changes of the resuscitation guidelines we studied differences in Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) performed by volunteers, comparing the Guidelines 2000 (Group A) and 2005 (Group B) to compare effectiveness parameters during training.
Methods: Our investigation was carried out in an unblinded cross-over design. As primary outcome, we evaluated total number of Chest Compressions (CC) given in a five minute CPR simulation. As a secondary outcome Hands-off Times (HOT) were studied. After electronic randomisation in commencing with Group A or B, the volutneers were taught a CPR sequence and given possibility to train until they felt confident before evaluation.
Results: 50 people were included in the study, one individual dropped out after randomisation. The total number of CC differed significantly (p<0,01), voluteers in Group A performed 233±51 SD CC whereas volunteers in Group B performed 347±64 SD CC. HOT was also found to differ significantly (p<0,01). 139±15 sec. SD in Group A. were counted, whereas 107±19 sec. SD were needed in Group B during five minutes of simulated CPR.
Discussion: Our results indicate that with the introduction of the resuscitation Guidelines 2005 very important effectiveness parameters of CPR improved dramatically compared to the Guidelines 2000. Clinical successes should follow.