Abstract 16: The Attitudes toward the Performance of Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Japan
The importance of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been getting understanding and the training courses of CPR have been increasing in Japan. However, there are few reports about the Japanese attitudes toward the performance of bystander CPR. Therefore we conducted this study to identify Japanese attitudes toward the performance of bystander CPR. participants were asked about their willingness to perform CPR with varying 5 scenarios (performing CPR on a stranger, a trauma patient, a child, an elderly person, and a relative) and CPR techniques (mouth-to-mouth ventilation plus chest compression (MMV plus CC) versus chest compression alone (CC)). A total of 3875 individuals (male 48%) completed the questionnaire, including high school students, teachers, emergency medical technicians, medical nurses, and medical students. About 81 % of them had experienced the CPR training more than once. On a stranger, about 6% of high school students, 6% of teachers, 30% of emergency medical technicians, 10% of medical nurses and 18% of medical students claimed they would ‘definitely’ person MMV plus CC. However, 28–80% claimed they prefer the alternative of performing CC alone. On a trauma patient, about 4% of high school students, 7% of teachers, 36% of emergency medical technicians, 14% of medical nurses and 16% of medical students claimed they would ‘definitely’ person MMV plus CC. However, 32–78% claimed they prefer the alternative of performing CC alone. In both scenarios, respondents claimed their unwillingness to perform MMV is not due to the fear of contracting a communicable disease, but the lack of confidence in their ability to perform CPR properly, that was same as in 1998. These findings suggest that better training MMV together with teaching awareness that CC alone can be given may be instituted to maximize the number of potential providers of CPR in the community.