Detection of Luminal-Intimal Border and Coronary Wall Enhancement in Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging After Injection of Microbubbles and Simultaneous Sonication With Transthoracic Echocardiography
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A 61-year-old man presented with unstable angina (Braunwald class 2B). Coronary angiography revealed a mild lesion on the very proximal segment of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and a significant stenosis (80%) in the mid-segment. Intracoronary ultrasound was used to further evaluate proximal coronary artery stenosis. It was found to be a soft plaque without significant luminal stenosis but without clear definition of the luminal-intimal boundary.
Intravenous injection of gas-filled microbubble ultrasound contrast agents have been used for endocardial border detection, especially when they are sonicated by acoustic power and …