Transcatheter Therapeutic Embolization of Multiple Coronary Artery Fistulas
Coronary artery fistulas, although rare, are the most prevalent and hemodynamically significant congenital malformation of the coronary circulation. Diffuse, multiple fistulas involving both the left and right coronary arteries are even rarer. This disorder has traditionally been managed by surgical ligation. However, now that closure by a transcatheter technique has been successful, endovascular therapy with different methods (including embolic coil devices, Rashkind double umbrella device, Amplatzer duct occluder, detachable balloons, and covered stents) has recently been used with encouraging results.
A 61-year-old man presented with exertional angina and myocardial ischemia, as evidenced by a positive stress exercise teSt. Percutaneous transcatheter retrograde embolization of multiple fistulas was performed using twenty-one 0.18-inch fibered Platinum coils (9 coils at 6×6 mm, 7 coils at 4×7 mm, and 5 coils at 2×5 mm). The Figure shows his coronary angiogram.
The editor of Images in Cardiovascular Medicine is Hugh A. McAllister, Jr, MD, Chief, Department of Pathology. St Luke’s Episcopal Hospital and Texas Heart Institute, and Clinical Professor of Pathology, University of Texas Medical School and Baylor College of Medicine.
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