Three-Dimensional Densimetric Analysis of Coronary Artery Aneurysm
A 43-year-old man, previously fit and well, was admitted with an anterior myocardial infarct treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. Five days later, he underwent coronary angiography, which demonstrated a proximal aneurysm of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) (Figure 1⇓), with a severe stenosis immediately distal to the aneurysm (Figure 2⇓) and right coronary artery disease (Figure 3⇓).
The presence of a clot or atherosclerotic plaque in the aneurysm sac, which might be disrupted and cause distal embolization with occlusion of the LAD at the site of the stenosis, could be excluded via quantitative 3D angiography of the aneurysm sac. Figure 4⇓ shows the saccular/eccentric nature of the aneurysm sac, and Figure 5⇓ demonstrates the absence of a clot or atherosclerotic plaque within the aneurysm. Figure 6⇓ demonstrates a 3D reconstruction of the disease in the right coronary artery. Unfortunately, attempted angioplasty of the stenosis resulted in the coiling of the guidewire in the aneurysm sac (Figure 7⇓). The patient was referred for coronary artery surgery. He made an uneventful recovery and was discharged 6 days later. foots}
The editor of Images in Cardiovascular Medicine is Hugh A. McAllister, Jr, MD, Chief, Department of Pathology, St Luke’s Episcopal Hospital and Texas Heart Institute, and Clinical Professor of Pathology, University of Texas Medical School and Baylor College of Medicine.
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