Atrial Fibrillation After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
A Model for Preoperative Risk Stratification
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Background—Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in 20% to 40% of patients after CABG. Identification of patients vulnerable for arrhythmia will allow targeting of those most likely to benefit from prophylactic therapy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate accuracy of a prospectively defined signal-averaged P-wave duration (SAPD) cutoff and additional preoperative characteristics for the prediction of AF after CABG.
Methods and Results—Patients undergoing elective isolated CABG were recruited to the present prospective study. SAPD was recorded in all patients. Filtered signals from 3 orthogonal leads were combined in a vector analysis, and total SAPD was measured preoperatively. Postoperative in-hospital AF occurred in 92 (28.2%) of 326 patients. Patients who developed AF were older (65.9 versus 61.7 years of age; P<0.0005) and had longer SAPD (158 versus 145 ms; P<0.0005) than non-AF patients. Incidence of AF increased in patients ≥75 years of age and increased progressively throughout the range of SAPD. Stepwise logistic regression analysis of preoperative variables identified that SAPD >155 ms (odds ratio, 5.37; 95% CI, 3.10 to 9.30; P<0.0005), advanced age (odds ratio, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.26 to 1.86 per 5-year increase in age; P<0.0005), and male sex (odds ratio, 2.88; 95% CI, 1.30 to 6.40; P<0.01) independently predicted AF. Prospectively defined SAPD >155 ms predicted AF with positive and negative predictive accuracy of 49% and 84%, respectively.
Conclusions—A combination of prolonged SAPD, advanced age, and male sex identifies patients at high risk for development of AF after CABG.
- Received July 8, 1999.
- Revision received October 12, 1999.
- Accepted October 19, 1999.
- Copyright © 2000 by American Heart Association