Can Coronary Blood Flow Velocity Pattern After Primary Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angiography Predict Recovery of Regional Left Ventricular Function in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction?
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Background—In the era of primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), it is important to judge whether myocardium within acute ischemic injury is viable. This study sought to investigate parameters derived from the coronary blood flow velocity spectrum immediately after primary PTCA in patients with acute myocardial infarction and to elucidate the clinical value of coronary blood flow measurement in predicting myocardial viability.
Methods and Results—Using a Doppler guidewire, we measured coronary blood flow velocity after successful completion of primary PTCA in 23 consecutive patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction. Regional wall motion was analyzed to estimate anterior wall motion score index (A-WMSI) by echocardiography before PTCA and 1 month after the onset of symptoms. Average systolic peak velocity (ASV) and deceleration time of diastolic flow velocity (DDT) significantly correlated to 1-month A-WMSI (r=−0.54, P=0.007 and r=−0.62, P=0.002, respectively), and optimal cutoff values to predict viable myocardium (defined as 1-month A-WMSI ≤2.0) were 6.5 cm/s for ASV and 600 ms for DDT (sensitivity=0.79, specificity=0.89 and sensitivity=0.86, specificity=0.89, respectively). ASV and DDT also correlated weakly to the change in A-WMSI (r=0.46, P=0.03 and r=0.49, P=0.02, respectively).
Conclusions—Low ASV and rapid DDT of coronary blood flow spectrum immediately after primary PTCA reflects a greater degree of microvascular damage in the risk area. Analysis of coronary blood flow spectrum immediately after primary PTCA by use of a Doppler guidewire is useful in predicting recovery of regional left ventricular function.
- Received November 20, 1998.
- Revision received April 21, 1999.
- Accepted April 30, 1999.
- Copyright © 1999 by American Heart Association